Dr. Pennington participated in the 9th Conference on Linguistic and Intercultural Education in Alba Iulia, Romania (4 – 6 July, 2019). He presented his research on elements of jingoism in language policies as reflected in Post-Yugoslavian grammatical handbooks. Dr. Pennington claims that many of the generally poor and ad-hoc grammatical explanations of many of these handbooks are due to an intentional neglect of the shared historical developments of Serbian and Croatian.